Female Genital Mutilation & Breast Flattening

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)

The World Health Organisation defines FGM as “all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.”

FGM Facts Leaflet

Factsheet – female genital mutilation

National FGM Centre


Breast Flattening

Breast Flattening (or Breast Ironing) is “the process during which young pubescent girls’ breasts are ironed, massaged, flattened and/or pounded down over a period of time (sometimes years) in order for the breasts to disappear or delay the development of the breasts entirely.”

For further information, please visit: http://nationalfgmcentre.org.uk/breast-flattening/